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CIDOC CRM, BMX, LIDO, Mapping...
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Ontology Engineering

Ontology Engineering is a significant part of the project, although it is not listed as a separate pricing item.

  • One of the most important parts of the system are annotations of various objects and parts of objects (eg image areas)
  • An object part (eg painting area) can merit to be treated as "almost an object" on its own. Eg I may want to say "these are female hands", relate them to other painters who did similar subjects, identify a different technique or painting style, etc.
  • And maybe there is need to annotate other annotations? Eg "X said S on date M, however Y disagreed with S because of T on date N:
  • I'm no CRM expert, but is CRM rich enough to express such "Research Findings Ontology"?
  • standards are cited, but again I am not sure they are enough. An annotation should be able to link to other semantic objects (collection objects, artists, techniques, etc).
  • An integrated ontology is needed.

Is CIDOC CRM sufficient as a Research Findings ontology?

  • maybe yes, since there entities such as Attribute_Assignment that record who determined what aspect of which object when
  • even if not, it can be extended
  • BM has some funds for CRM consultancy by Martin Doerr.
  • obvious extension to CRM ontology will be the specification of the property P3F.has_note, types of Inscriptions, etc.
  • an important addition to CIDOC-CRM will be the annotation ontology, which will extend its Attribute Assignment part.


  • Ontology for representing digitization processes, especially in archaeology, developed as part of 3D COFORM.
  • included in the CRM conversion tool, file 3D-COFORM_CRMdig_v2.5.rdfs
  • includes entities such as D1.Digital_Object, D2.Digitization_Process, D3.Formal_Derivation, D8.Digital_Device, D9.Data_Object
  • still in draft: many descriptions are missing...
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