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STAR and STELLAR are projects of U Glamorgan, York and English Heritage related to Archeology and CRM.


  • (linkedin profile). He's in the RS board.
  •>) who did the real work.
  • Douglas Tudhope, Faculty of Advanced Technology, University of Glamorgan, Wales, UK


Downloaded from

  • Arch_Ontological_ModellingV4.pdf
  • Ontological Model of Centre for Archaeology Information Domain- AppendixA v9.pdf
  • Automatic Metadata Generation in an Archaeological Digital Library (CLA 2011).pdf
  • Experiences of CIDOC CRM at English Heritage (CAA 2010 Workshop).pdf
  • Implementing archaeological time periods using CIDOC CRM and SKOS (ESWC2010).pdf and slides
  • Integrating cultural and scientific heritage (Oct 2006).pdf
  • Ontological Modelling of the work of the Centre for Archaeology (Sep 2004).pdf
  • Relatively speaking- temporal alignment for archaeological data (Pelagios2011).pdf
  • Semantic Annotation for Indexing Archaeological Context (CAAUK 2011).pdf and slides
  • Semantic Interoperability in Archaeological Datasets- Mapping and Extraction via CRM (ECDL 2008).pdf and slides
  • Semantic Technologies for Archaeology Resources (CAA2010).pdf
  • STAR implementation experience with the CRM.pdf
  • STELLAR - conversion tools (CAAUK 2011).pdf
  • STELLAR Role for Knowledge Organization Systems in Digital Archaeology (ASIST Apr 2011).pdf

CRM experience workshop

  • Workshop at CAA 2010
  • German Archaeological Institute (DAI) and TOPOI workshop, Nov 2009: Networked data worlds. A workshop on the implementation of CIDOC-CRM. Downloaded:
    1 Introduction- CRM from the museum's perspective.pdf
    2 CRM in practice- The Harvesting format museumdat.pdf
    3 Using CRM and SKOS as basis for modeling (digiCult, PICA).pdf
    4 CRM and text data - The World of Thuc.pdf
    5 From Questions to Answers - Travelling from Perseus to Arachne.pdf
    6 Prototype of CRM implementation in RDB with GIS interface (HiMAT).pdf
    7 CRM for sharing and implementation- experiences from CLAROS.pdf
    8 CRM in Practice- Experiences, Problems, and Possible Solutions (AIT BRICKS).pdf
    9 CRM English Heritage extensions of CIDOC CRM.pdf
    10 Breaking down barriers to interoperability (STAR).pdf
    11 ADeX 1.1 Arecheological DataeXchange Format- preliminary experience mapping to CRM.pdf
    12 Archaeology, Formality and CRM.pdf


A CRM extension for archeology (CRM for English Heritage)



STAR is a system that integrates data from 4-5 archeological field data capture systems, and allows integrated search:


A very interesting treatment of archeological time periods

  • A demo UI is here. You search by date-range, it returns only "correlated periods" (by some measure)
    • I especially like the simplicity yet functionality of this UI
    • And it has a simple and nice REST returning JSON:
    • E.g. enter 1701-1800: it returns "18TH CENTURY AD", and 9 others.
    • one of them is "NAPOLEONIC WARS": that definitely is not a mere Time-Span, it’s a Period because it has a Place and cultural-historic dimension
    • "18TH CENTURY AD" could be argued is a pure Time-Span because it has no location and is absolute.
      But it still has some cultural baggage, e.g.: Gregorian calendar, Christian year-count, Earth locality

Period vs Time-Span

  • Periods are complex cultural phenomena that in addition to time often have place and cultural dimensions
  • see above an example of Time-Span vs Period
  • you can read about them at slide18@crmt (CRM Tutorial)
  • unlike Period, Time-Span has no subclasses. You can see where Period and Time-Span sit in the class hierarchy at cidoc_class_hierarchy@crmg (CRM Graphical)
  • you can see all its properties at E52_Time-Span@crm (CRM Reference)

Andronikos is a digital humanities web-portal closely associated with the STAR project that makes available CIDOC CRM and CRM-EH based semantic indices of the OASIS corpus that have been provided by the Archaeology Data Service. The portal provides a browsing and searching facility of semantic annoations, other pages make available Terminology (English Heritage Thesauri - Glossaries), XML -RDF conversion tools, corpus resources, evaluation results and relevant publications.

OASIS Corpus: OASIS is an umbrella project of the University of York that brings together a number of strategic partners of the Archaeology field such. The processed coprus of semantic annotations consists of 2460 documents including archaeology evaluation reports, excavation reports, watching briefs etc.
OASIS Grey Literature

  • OASIS Metadata: Author submitted metadata
  • Preprocess: Summary section, Table of Content, and Heading sections
  • CRM (Named Entity Recognition): CIDOC CRM oriented entity metadata. E19.Physical Object, E49.Time Appellation, E53.Place and E57.Material
  • CRM-EH (Events Recognition): CRM-EH oriented event metadata. EHE0007.Context, EHE0009.Context Find, EHE0030.Material, EHE1001.ContextEvent, EHE1002.ContextFindProductionEvent and EHE1004.ContextFindDepositionEvent
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