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Qualified Name (QName)

The full triples notation (in RDFs) requires that URI references be written out completely, in angle brackets, which can result in very long lines on a page. For convenience, sometimes is used a shorthand way of writing triples. This shorthand substitutes an XML qualified name (or QName) without angle brackets as an abbreviation for a full URI reference. A QName contains a prefix that has been assigned to a namespace URI, followed by a colon, and then a local name. The full URIref is formed from the QName by appending the local name to the namespace URI assigned to the prefix.

For example, if the QName prefix foo is assigned to the namespace URI http://example.org/somewhere, then the QName foo:bar is shorthand for the URIref http://example.org/somewhere/bar.

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