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The SemanticQuery class is the core of the QueryAPI service. Its main part describes complex, yet formalized, criteria for retrieval of entities (properties RequestedVars, ClassRestrs, PatternRestrs, AttributeRestrs). Some of the properties control the form in which the results are delivered (SortCrits, GroupVars, ReturnLabels, MaxResultLength). In addition, some properties set keyword filtering and entity co-occurrence criterion over the document part of the returned SemanticQueryResult object (BoundVars, KeywordCrits).

The semantic queries are based upon a set of variables. They are packed with a set of constraints over the possible values of the variables and a set of semantic relation constraints between them. The result set of semantic queries consists of all sets of entities that can replace the variables, while complying with all preset conditions and relations.

The following properties are included:

Property Description
RequestedVars an array of strings with variable names. These are the variables which values form the final result set.
BoundVars an array of strings with variable names. These are the variables which values are used for searching relevant documents. For a single row of the semantic result set, only documents containing all entities given by the BoundVars list can be retrieved.
ClassRestrs an array of objects of the type ClassRestriction containing pairs of a variable name SubjectVar property and an ontology class URI ClassUri property. This list sets class restrictions over the used variables. Every variable must have a class restriction, otherwise an exception is thrown.
PatternRestrs an array of objects of the type PatternRestriction containing triples of a subject variable name SubjectVar property, an ontology property URI PropertyUri, and an object variable name ObjectVar. This list sets semantic relation restrictions over the used variables.
AttributeRestrs an array of objects of the type AttributeRestriction containing tuples of a subject variable name SubjectVar, an ontology property URI PropertyUri, a compare style constant CompareStyle, and a string with "literal" value ObjectLiteral. This list sets textual restrictions over attributes of the used variables.
KeywordCrits an array of objects of the type KeywordCriterion containing tuples of a document field name Field, a string with keyword Keyword, and a compare style constant CompareStyle. This list sets textual restrictions over the fields of the relevant documents retrieved for every result set row. Non-compliant documents are not gathered.
SortCrits an array of objects of the type SortCriterion containing pairs of a variable name SubjectVar and a sort style constant SortStyle. This list sets ordering criterion for the returned result set.
GroupVars an array of strings with variable names. These are the variables which values are used for grouping the rows of the result set.
ReturnLabels Boolean flag that determines if the requested entities in RequestedVars should be returned as pairs of their URIs and their main label. If it is set to "false", only the URIs are returned.
MaxResultLength integer limiting the number of rows in the returned result set.

For fields named CompareStyle, you can use the following constants:

  • COMPARE_STYLE_IS_EXACTLY
  • COMPARE_STYLE_STARTS_WITH
  • COMPARE_STYLE_ENDS_WITH
  • COMPARE_STYLE_CONTAINS

For fields named SortStyle, you can use the following constants:

  • SORT_URI_ASCv'''
    * '''[@SORT_URI_DESC
  • SORT_URI_DESC
  • SORT_LABEL_ASC
  • SORT_LABEL_DESC
  • SORT_NUMBER_ASC
  • SORT_NUMBER_DESC

The constants can be obtained through the method getConstants of QueryAPI service as a QueryConstants object.

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